Tag Archives: Peace

Water for Peace


Israel has more water than it needs!

“…  “Now, that’s a pump!” Edo Bar-Zeev shouts to me over the din of the motors, grinning with undisguised awe at the scene before us. The reservoirs beneath us contain several feet of sand through which the seawater filters before making its way to a vast metal hangar, where it is transformed into enough drinking water to supply 1.5 million people.

We are standing above the new Sorek desalination plant, the largest reverse-osmosis desal facility in the world, and we are staring at Israel’s salvation. Just a few years ago, in the depths of its worst drought in at least 900 years, Israel was running out of water. Now it has a surplus. That remarkable turnaround was accomplished through national campaigns to conserve and reuse Israel’s meager water resources, but the biggest impact came from a new wave of desalination.

Bar-Zeev, who recently joined Israel’s Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research after completing his postdoc work at Yale University, is an expert on biofouling, which has always been an Achilles’ heel of desalination and one of the reasons it has been considered a last resort. Desal works by pushing saltwater into membranes containing microscopic pores. The water gets through, while the larger salt molecules are left behind. Microorganisms in seawater quickly colonize the membranes and block the pores, and controlling them requires periodic costly and chemical-intensive cleaning. But Bar-Zeev and colleaguesdeveloped a chemical-free system using porous lava stone to capture the microorganisms before they reach the membranes. It’s just one of many breakthroughs in membrane technology that have made desalination much more efficient. Israel now gets 55 percent of its domestic water from desalination, and that has helped to turn one of the world’s driest countries into the unlikeliest of water giants.

Driven by necessity, Israel is learning to squeeze more out of a drop of water than any country on Earth, and much of that learning is happening at the Zuckerberg Institute, where researchers have pioneered new techniques in drip irrigation, water treatment and desalination. They have developed resilient well systems for African villages and biological digesters than can halve the water usage of most homes.

Bar-Zeev believes that Israel’s solutions can help its parched neighbors, too — and in the process, bring together old enemies in common cause.The institute’s original mission was to improve life in Israel’s bone-dry Negev Desert, but the lessons look increasingly applicable to the entire Fertile Crescent. “The Middle East is drying up,” says Osnat Gillor, a professor at the Zuckerberg Institute who studies the use of recycled wastewater on crops. “The only country that isn’t suffering acute water stress is Israel.”

That water stress has been a major factor in the turmoil tearing apart the Middle East, but Bar-Zeev believes that Israel’s solutions can help its parched neighbors, too — and in the process, bring together old enemies in common cause.

Bar-Zeev acknowledges that water will likely be a source of conflict in the Middle East in the future. “But I believe water can be a bridge, through joint ventures,” he says. “And one of those ventures is desalination.”

Driven to Desperation

In 2008, Israel teetered on the edge of catastrophe. A decade-long drought had scorched the Fertile Crescent, and Israel’s largest source of freshwater, the Sea of Galilee, had dropped to within inches of the “black line” at which irreversible salt infiltration would flood the lake and ruin it forever. Water restrictions were imposed, and many farmers lost a year’s crops.

Their counterparts in Syria fared much worse. As the drought intensified and the water table plunged, Syria’s farmers chased it, drilling wells 100, 200, then 500 meters (300, 700, then 1,600 feet) down in a literal race to the bottom. Eventually, the wells ran dry and Syria’s farmland collapsed in an epic dust storm. More than a million farmers joined massive shantytowns on the outskirts of Aleppo, Homs, Damascus and other cities in a futile attempt to find work and purpose.

Water is driving the entire region to desperate acts.

Complete article here

Picture credit

In the desert, you can remember …

“In the desert you can remember your name
‘Cause there ain’t no one for to give you no pain”
(And no noisy and flashy distractions or temptations.)

Sleepy weekend afternoon.
A gathering of friends.
A two-hour ride away from Tel-Aviv.

Peaceful quiet outside.
Sandy soft yet bright light.
A warm-dry breeze caressing body and soul.

Disturbing political issues seem far away…

I was looking at all the life
There were plants and birds and rocks and things
There was sand and hills and rings
The first thing I met was a fly with a buzz
And the sky with no clouds
The heat was hot and the ground was dry
But the air was full of sound

I’ve been through the desert on a horse with no name
It felt good to be out of the rain
In the desert you can remember your name
‘Cause there ain’t no one for to give you no pain”
America, A Horse with No Name – Lyrics and Explanation



Palestinian-Israeli Get-Together

No weapons, no security checks, no suspicious looks, no bullying.
Last Saturday, Feb. 6, Dead Sea – Palestinians and Israelis, young and old, men and women, were given the rare occasion to come together for a day of dialog and fun. For the Palestinians (mostly from the West Bank) it was also an opportunity to enjoy a little more freedom of movement than what they are normally used to. One woman told us that it was the first time in twelve years that she got to see the sea.

Ihab Balha, the head of the event (which was free of charge for all the participants), welcomed us in Hebrew and in Arabic. After a short walk together down by the Dead Sea, a simple, yet rich buffet awaited us outside the auditorium of the Ein Gedi Kibbutz: lots of fresh fruit and vegetables, delicious desert dates, pita bread, yummy labaneh cream cheese with zaatar and olive oil, hot coffee and tea, and plenty of fresh drinking water. After having filled our tummies we went inside for various activities: conversation circles, each with a Hebrew-Arabic translator, music, and games. I think people felt good.

About the organizers of this event: Ora and Ihab Balha, both tall and of gracefully spiritual presence, are a Jewish-Muslim couple, which is quite a big deal in itself because interfaith marriages are still not widely accepted in Israel, neither by Jews nor by Muslims. Ora and Ihab are both peace activists; they run a bi-lingual Waldorf kindergarten in Jaffa, where they live with their three sons.

In 2011 they founded the (non-profit) organization The Orchard of Abraham’s Children, which is active in a variety of fields – educational encounters, conferences, festivals, art, music, ecology, sport, leadership development, and peace tourism – all for the benefit of braking the barriers of fear and ignorance and  for promoting a peaceful dialog and co-existence.

Ora and Ihab are also the coordinators of the UPLIFT center in Israel.
UPLIFT – “Combining the gift of intimate live events with the power of the internet to reach the world, UPLIFT is a bridge of love and consciousness into real world action…”